When it comes to cannabinoids, CBD and THC get all of the attention. However, the plant genus Cannabis actually contains 120 identified cannabinoid compounds(in addition to terpenes, flavonoids and more)! We’ll keep it brief and dive into one particular cannabinoid, cannabigerol, or CBG.
CBG, what it is?
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CBG is referred to as the mother of cannabinoids because it is the parent molecule from which other cannabinoids are synthesized. CBGA is broken down, and becomes the base molecule that other cannabinoids form from, including THC and CBD. Like CBD, CBG is a non-psychoactive compound(you likely won’t feel “High”). Studies seem to show that CBG, like CBD, activates the CB1 receptor, decreasing pyschoactivity. If you mix CBG or CBD with THC, it may counteract the “High” feeling.
Unlike CBD, it has not been commercially available anywhere until now.
CBD and CBG occur in different concentrations in the plant and have unique chemical structures. While research has slowly been validating many of the claims of CBD, CBG has just now started being studied for potential pharmacological properties.
Potential Benefits of CBG
So far, in-vitro studies and studies on rats have shown some indications that CBG may:
- Treat glaucoma and relieves intraocular pressure which is beneficial because CBD on its own has not shown to treat glaucoma, however THC has and this may be a way to get the effects without the “high
- Have strong anti-bacterial properties, specifically as a front line treatment for methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).
- Treat psoriasis and eczema through novel cannabinoid receptors located in the skin
- Be a powerful anti-inflammatory, particularly for treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBS)
- Be a potent neuropathic pain suppressor with novel analgesic properties that should work better than THC for pain and spasticity control
- Help treat huntington’s disease, and other neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s etc) through Neuroprotective properties by improving motor deficits and preserving striatal neurons
- Promotes Neurogenesis by stimulating the growth of new neuronal cells
- Contribute to GABA reuptake inhibition which could lead to muscle relaxation and tension relief
CBG has also demonstrated the potential ability to increase anandamide, commonly referred to as the “bliss molecule,” an endogenous cannabinoid that helps regulate a wide range of bodily functions, including appetite, sleep and mood.
It’s important to note, CBG has not been in any CLINICAL TRIALS, and therefore any potential benefit of the product cannot be stated with certainty.
Why is CBG more expensive than CBD?
Despite the medical appeal and consumer demand there’s one big hurdle to face: CBG is notoriously expensive to produce, so much so it’s been dubbed the “the Rolls Royce” of cannabinoids. CBG can be up to five or six times more expensive to produce than CBD. Now that the demand for CBG is growing, we may see more farmers enticed to grow the cannabinoid.
How to Consume CBG
CBG, like CBD and THC, can be consumed in a variety of ways. CBG flower can be smoked on its own in a bowl or rolled into a joint/preroll. CBG oil can be dosed and ingested the same way CBD/THC oil has historically. Soon here will likely be CBG edibles and concentrates. The way to consume CBG depends on each persons’ needs and preferences!