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In addition to the federal hemp laws laid out in the 2018 Farm Bill, each state has its own state hemp laws. Before we dive in on Missouri Hemp Laws and the legality of CBD in Missouri, it is important to understand the different types of hemp and CBD products that these laws may be applied to.
There are many (somewhat confusing) terms for hemp oil:
- Isolate or THC-Free Hemp Oil has only CBD and all other plant compounds have been removed, THC is undetectable. Pure CBD Isolate can also be purchased in powder form.
- Full-Spectrum Hemp Oil has all plant compounds, including less than 0.3% THC.
- Broad-Spectrum Hemp Oil has undetectable THC, but contains other plant compounds.
- PCR (Phytocannabinoid-Rich) Hemp Oil with Zero-THC is a new marketing term for broad-spectrum hemp oil.
- CBG Hemp Oil is a hemp oil from a cannabigerol (CBG) rich hemp strain that has more CBG than is found in CBD Hemp Oil.
- Hemp Flower is the dried and harvested flower of the hemp plant. It can be used whole or extracted to make CBD isolate, Full-Spectrum CBD, or Broad-Spectrum CBD (PCR Hemp Oil).
FAQ: Hemp and CBD Legality in Missouri
Is Full Spectrum CBD Legal in Missouri?
That is a trick question because full-spectrum CBD is not the same as the so-called PCR Hemp Oil! This new marketing term is certainly introducing even more confusion around CBD products.
When it comes to Missouri retail CBD sales, the state has been completely reluctant to make a ruling. While Missouri laws appear to prohibit non-medicinal sales and products, CBD stores and retail CBD products are extremely popular. There appears to be an unofficial "don't ask, don't tell policy" where the state will grant CBD stores sales tax licenses as long as they don't specify that they are selling CBD products. There is no clarification on what CBD products are legal in Missouri because technically none are.
Is It Legal to Ship PCR Hemp Oil to Missouri?
It is legal to ship ALL types of hemp products with less than 0.3% THC to all US States according to the 2018 Farm Bill.
Where to Buy Full Spectrum CBD Oil in Missouri?
In Missouri you can buy CBD and hemp in stores or online.
Do you need a special license to purchase PCR Hemp Oil in Missouri?
Missouri CBD laws are unclear in many ways. To legally acquire CBD Oil with less than 0.5% THC, you must have a medical card. There are only two businesses in Missouri that are legally allowed to extract CBD oil and make these products, so access it very limited.
That being said, CBD is hugely popular in Missouri. You can buy it very easily and the state does not appear to be broadly taking action against consumers or retailers.
How Does Missouri Legally Define Hemp?
(a) All nonseed parts and varieties of the Cannabis sativa L. plant, growing or not, that contain an average delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration that does not exceed three-tenths of one percent on a dry weight basis or the maximum concentration allowed under federal law, whichever is greater;
(b) Any Cannabis sativa L. seed that is part of a growing crop, retained by a grower for future planting, or used for processing into or use as agricultural hemp seed;
(c) Industrial hemp includes industrial hemp commodities and products and topical or ingestible animal and consumer products derived from industrial hemp with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than three-tenths of one percent on a dry weight basis;Industrial hemp—as defined in subdivision 24 of section 195.010, RSMo.
Growing and Selling Hemp in Missouri
Missouri hemp growers and handlers must be registered and licensed with the state. They have a very well defined legal process to follow. Missouri's hemp farming program is overseen by the Missouri Department of Agriculture (which does not oversee CBD products).
Hemp and CBD products must comply with Missouri hemp laws:
- Products must contain no more than 0.3% THC
- Products must come from a registered farm
- Products must be tested by a licensed laboratory
- The THC must be reported as “total THC”
Missouri state hemp laws DO NOT specifically allow for CBD products such as:
- Hemp topicals
- Hemp concentrates and extracts (oils and tinctures)
- Industrial hemp for building or fiber materials
- Industrial hempseed (food product)
- Industrial hempseed oil (food product)